Operation Northwoods Introduction
Operation Northwoods was a proposed false flag operation in which the US government was to instigate terrorist attacked on domestic soil, blame the attacked on the Cuban immigrants and subsequently invade Cuba, a communist threat in close proximity to the U.S.A. The plan originated within the United States Department of Defense (DOD) and the Joint Chief of Staff (JCS) in 1962. The CIA were to be the intelligence agency used to oversee the implementation of Operation Northwoods. Fidel Castro had taken command of Cuba and was a communist threat to the interests of the Capitalist U.S.A. To counter the threat of Communism Operation Northwoods was proposed. The proposal was ultimately rejected by the Kennedy Administration, though it was authorized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and signed by the Chairperson. The plan included the sinking of boatloads of Cuban refugees, the assassination of Cuban immigrants, the explosion of a U.S ship, hijacking planes and the orchestration of terrorism in various U.S cities. Operation Northwoods is available online from the National Security Archives. Operation Northwoods first came to light in 2000 through a Freedom of Information Act Request.
Operation Northwoods Content
The content of Operation Northwoods is self explanatory and leaves no room for ambiguity. It outlines clearly and precisely acts of terrorism which could then be blamed on Cuba and provide the basis for starting a war which would be of huge benefit to the military Industrial Complex. Pages Seven and Eight of the Joint Chief of Staff Document are the most telling.
“A series of well coordinated incidents will be planned to take place in and around Guantanamo to give genuine appearance of being done by hostile Cuban forces.
a. Incidents to establish a credible attack (not in
(1) Start rumors (many). Use clandestine radio.
(2) Land friendly Cubans in uniform “over-the-fence”
to stage attack on the base.
(3) Capture Cuban (friendly) sabateurs inside the
(4) Start riots near the entrance to the base (friendly
(5) Blow up ammunition inside the base; start fires.
(6) Burn aircraft on airbase (sabatage).
(7) Lob morter shells from outside of base into base.
Some damage to installations.
(8) Capture assault teams approaching from the sea
of vicinity of Guantanamo City.
(9) Capture militia group which storms the base.
(10) Sabotage ship in harbor; large fires — napthalene.
(11) Sink ship near harbor entrance. Conduct funerals
for mock-victims (may be lieu of (10)).
b. United States would respond by executing offensive
operations to secure water and power supplies, destroying
artillery and mortar emplacements which threaten the base.
c. Commence large scale United States military operations.
A “Remember the Maine” incident could be arranged: We could blow up a US ship in Guantanamo Bay and blame Cuba. Casualty lists in US newspapers would cause a helpful wave of national indignation.
We could develop a Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities and even in Washington. “
President.Kennedy’s refusal of Operation Northwoods
President Kennedy was reported to have refused the creative strategies from his military advisors as to how to win the Cold war against Russia. The underlying mentality of the generals was also to stop communism at all costs, and even with civilian casualties it was a war that at the time had to be won. Kennedy was reported to have stated to the Joint Chief of Staff that he could not envisage any type of circumstance “ which would justify and make desirable the use of American forces for overt military action” in Cuba. The Chairperson for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Lyman L Leminitzer, was eventually replaced after he kept pressing for an invasion of Cuba. However the general was not the only issue Kennedy had to deal with, it was the mindset of the government in a Post Cold War era where communism had to be stopped at all costs. He was required to deal with a vast array of generals and top CIA executives who were willing to do whatever it took to put an end to the spread of Communism, and the acts of domestic terrorism was more than likely viewed as patriotic in their own minds, a necessary evil in order to prevent a greater one from emerging. The withdrawal of missiles from Turkey and Italy, a neutral policy on Laos, as well as the Test ban treaty and deal with Russia to not invade Cuba were all construed by these individuals as a defeat for Capitalism and a victory for Communism. Kennedy’s refusal to bow down to the Pentagon generals who needed wars to stay in business and to defeat “the enemy” is cited by many as one of the reasons why he was assassinated.
Operation Mongoose was a proposal similar to Operation Northwoods involving operations against communist Cuba. The plan outlined a proposal to create the appearance of an attack on U.S facilities in Cuba, framing it as the work of the Cuban government, called Operation Bingo. Operation Dirty Trick was also included within the Operation Mongoose Memorandum, which proposed blaming Cuba for the crash of the Mercury spacecraft in 1962. Operation Mongoose was proposed after Lyman L Leminitzer lost his job as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, by the Joint Chiefs.
Other possible false flag attacks suggested was an attack on Nations friendly to the U.S, which would be framed as Cuban attacks and would give the U.S a platform for Cuban invasion. Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago were included in the list of nations, with the hope that the U.K would also be drawn into a joint attack on Cuba. Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago were members of the British Commonwealth at the time. A US Department of Defense report went as far as to suggest paying a member of Castro’s government to attack the U.S Navy base at Guantanamo.
“The only area remaining for consideration then would be to bribe one of Castro’s subordinate commanders to initiate an attack on [the U.S. Navy base at] Guantanamo”
Operation Northwoods Conclusion
There is no ambiguity over Operation Northwoods. It contemplated direct attacks on American citizens and framing the Cubans in order to defeat the apparent threat of Communist interests. It is freely available information. There is official documentation and no reason to believe that it is not true when official sources say otherwise.
In 2001, the National Assembly of People’s Power of Cuba (the main legislative body for Cuba) issued a statement referring to Operation Northwoods and Operation Mongoose wherein it condemned the actions of the U.S government.